On the 2nd December 2020 the EU published two regulations that intend to make access to justice faster, more affordable and user-friendly for EU citizens and businesses. The two amended regulations on the cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters and on service of documents, aim to make judicial cross-border cooperation between national courts and access to justice more efficient through digitalisation.
Changes in both regulations establish among other things the use of a mandatory decentralised IT system (composed of interoperable national IT systems) to exchange documents electronically cross-border. The updated rules also promote the use of videoconferencing to allow also expert witnesses to give evidence online when they based in another country.
The regulations ((EU) 2020/1783 and (EU) 2020/1784) shall in general apply in 2022 and replace the Regulations (EC) No 1206/2001and (EC) No 1393/2007. Some articles (especially concerning the technical infrastructure) shall apply in 2025.